Mexico announced the reopening of military files in the Ayotzinapa case. Seven years after the disappearances, the authorities have not been able to clarify the case.

June 26, 2022

The president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, announced that military files would be opened, including the participation of the 27th Infantry Battalion of Iguala in the disappearance of 43 students in Ayotzinapa, Guerrero. López Obrador assured that “the requests of the relatives of the disappearances are being considered”, according to the Mexican newspaper La Jornada.

The Mexican president assured “all cases” of military files would be opened. Military members were present during the night students disappeared. Likewise, the president explained that he understands the discontent of the families: “It’s normal, people are very hurt,” he said.

Seven years after the disappearances, authorities have not been able to find the students, and it has not been clarified what happened to them on the night of September 26, 2014. The Mexican president promised in April “not to hide anything” in the government’s report on the murder of the Ayotzinapa students, after insisting on the “commitment” to the victims’ families and Mexican society.

In addition, he explained the “obstacles” that his Government has faced “to get to the bottom” of this matter.

Members from the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI), appointed by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, rejected “the historical truth” official theory, saying it was not scientifically possible. Relatives of the students also reject this version and demand to follow other lines of the investigation established by the GIEI.

SOURCE: Europa Press

https://www.diariolasamericas.com/america-latina/mexico-anuncia-reapertura-expedientes-militares-del-caso-ayotzinapa-n4251787

In Mexico City with the chief of government Sheinbaum, the disappearance of women rises 900%, from 93 to 930 of cases

EL FINANCIERO By Eduardo Ortega June 20, 2022

So, far in the administration of Claudia Sheinbaum as head of Mexico’s City government, the number of missing women in Mexico City has increased 900 percent, compared to the same period of the previous administration, headed by Miguel Ángel Mancera.

According to the National Registry of Data on Missing or Disappeared Persons, the number of missing and unlocated women in the capital went from 93, registered between December 5,2012, and June 16, 2016, to 930, registered between December 5, 2018, and June 1. 2022.

The report “Human trafficking and Disappearance of Women in Mexico City”, carried out by the City’s Search Commission in 2021, states that one of the possible causes linked to these cases is human trafficking. The increase in the number of disappearances of women in Mexico City skyrockets just with the arrival to office of Sheinbaum Pardo, since it increased from 22 cases registered in 2018, to 228 in 2019, 277 in 2020 and 243 in 2021.

https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/nacional/2022/06/20/se-dispara-con-sheinbaum-desaparicion-de-mujeres/

Disappearance of women. Increased disappearance of women in Mexico City (Gabriela Pérez/Cuartoscuro)

Relatives of disappeared persons place a fence with the photos of their loved ones in the roundabout formerly known as “La Palma.”

Animal Político June 12, 2022

Relatives of disappeared people placed a fence with the photographs of their loved ones in what was formerly known as “La Palma” (the palm) roundabout. The idea of making a more robust intervention in the area is to prevent the Mexico City government from removing the photographs, as occurred in recent weeks.

“We continue the repair work in the “Roundabout of Los Desaparecidos”; with a more durable fence. We want to make the space our own”. Days before, the collectives had already placed images and a fence when the ahuehuete tree was planted to replace the emblematic palm. However, these were withdrawn by the authorities.

After placing the photographs, they walked to the “Roundabout of las Mujeres que luchan” (women who fight), where activists argued about the arrival of construction material to destroy the anti-monument. Previously the place was known as the Christopher Columbus roundabout.

Photograph by Herminia Miranda

Mexico City receives its new ahuehuete tree in Reforma Avenue, along with the families of the disappeared.

The Mexican capital replaces an emblematic palm tree; people claim the space to remember the 100,000 who disappeared.

 By SONIA CORONA. EL PAÍS. June 5,2022.

The roundabout of “La Palma” in Paseo de la Reforma Avenue from this Sunday is two things at the same time: the deposit of an ahuehuete tree that adorns the emblematic avenue and the headquarters that remembers the more than 100,000 disappeared in Mexico. The Government of Mexico City has planted during the early hours of Sunday the tree that replaces a palm tree that, for more than 100 years, decorated the financial and tourist district of the capital of Mexico. In the morning, activists and mothers of the disappeared added, on their own, portraits of their faces around the tree to remind authorities of the pending task of finding them. There has been no dispute over the site, rather just a strange coexistence.

https://elpais.com/mexico/2022-06-05/ciudad-de-mexico-recibe-a-su-nuevo-ahuehuete-y-a-las-familias-de-los-desaparecidos-en-el-paseo-de-la-reforma.html

Relatives of disappeared people walk among photographs, today, in the roundabout of Paseo de la Reforma, where an ahuehuete tree was planted to replace the palm that was removed in April. HECTOR GUERRERO

The parents of the 43 disappeared students of Ayotzinapa will meet with Alejandro Encinas, Undersecretary of the Interior.

Viduldo Rosales Sierra, the spokesman for the parents of the 43 missing students of Ayotzinapa, reported that they would meet with Alejandro Encinas next Wednesday, June 1st, 2022, Undersecretary of the Interior in Mexico City. Rosales Sierra said they expect results after the third report of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) has already been presented.

He mentioned that everything remains the same, so it is expected that there will be results in the meeting with the also Head of the Special Commission on the Ayotzinapa case. Another of the spokespeople of the group of parents of the 43 “normalistas,” Melitón Ortega, said that they hope that in this meeting, the federal government can present advances to the recommendations from the GIEI.

Ortega said the parents of the 43 are baffled because nearly seven months have passed, and they have not met with President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, even though he promised that every month he would meet with them to inform them about the investigations.  Therefore, he announced the action plan that will be implemented to find alive the 43 missing students, which will take place from June 6 to 16.

The actions include local marches, particularly in Chilpancingo, Acapulco, and Mexico City. On June 15, a rally will be held at the Attorney General’s Office (FGR). On June 16, a march will depart from “el Angel de la Independencia” to the Anti-monument +43 in Reforma Avenue in Mexico City.

TeleSurTV.net

https://www.telesurtv.net/news/mexico-padres-normalistas-desaparecidos-acciones-20220529-0019.html

The number of disappeared people grows, but not the capacity to find them: they add up to 100,000 amid non-compliance and impunity.

Mexico reached more than 100,000 disappeared people, according to data collected by the National Search Commission in the National Registry of Disappeared and Missing Persons. In a context in which several mechanisms provided by the 2017 General Law have not been launched, international instances point out the prevalence of impunity around the issue.

So far, Jalisco ranks first with 14,951 people; Tamaulipas, the second with 11 thousand 971; the State of Mexico, the third with 10 thousand 99; and Nuevo León, the fourth with 6 thousand 218.  

74.7% are men and 24.7% women, although, in the last 12 months, women have come to represent 30% of the total.

In addition, of the 14,507 cases that remain without a reference year, after records ranging from one to 322 people between 1964 and 2006 (the highest in 1974), the figure began to skyrocket in 2007, a year after the beginning of Felipe Calderón’s six-year term, when 838 missing people were registered, to reach 5,157 in 2011, 4,180 in 2012 and 4,118 in 2013. The annual number of missing persons continued to increase in the following years. In 2018, a yearly total of 7,643 was registered, while in 2021, it was 9,732.

Disappearances in Mexico: Mothers ask for dialogue with Mexican President AMLO

On May 10, “Mother’s Day,” collectives of mothers organized a march to make visible the crisis in terms of disappeared people in the country and demand their search.

Collectives of mothers and relatives of disappeared persons marched this May 10 to protest against the disappearance crisis in Mexico. This is “the eleventh March of National Dignity: Mothers looking for their daughters and sons, truth, and justice”.

The march integrated more than 60 groups of relatives that are part of the Movement for our disappeared in Mexico.

Some of these groups are outside the National Palace, demanding dialogue with President Andrés Manuel López Obrador to address the crisis as a priority issue.

https://www.elfinanciero.com.mx/cdmx/2022/05/10/desapariciones-en-mexico-madres-piden-dialogo-con-amlo/

Madres de desaparecidos exigen diálogo con López Obrador en Palacio Nacional este 10 de mayo. (Twitter @movNDmx)

Report of the Committee on Enforced Disappearances – Mexico

During the presentation of the Report of the UN Committee on Enforced Disappearances on the visit to Mexico from November 15 to 26, 2021, the body of independent experts urged an end to absolute impunity and the establishment of a national policy for the prevention and eradication of disappearances. The Committee also recommended strengthening search and investigation processes, adequate human and financial support to the National Search Commission and local commissions, and the systematic and effective coordination of all institutions involved in searching, investigating, and accompanying victims. Public servants, both at the federal, state, and municipal levels, and organized crime as central perpetrators of disappearances, are responsible for the growth of disappearances in Mexico.

Regarding the disappearance of human rights defenders and more than 30 journalists between 2003 and 2021, none of these people have been located, and investigations and sanctions against those responsible have not progressed. The Committee considered of “particular concern” the victimization of women since, during disappearances, they are the ones who remain in charge of the families and are responsible for the search for their loved ones by their means.

Impunity in Mexico is a structural feature that favors the reproduction and cover-up of enforced disappearances. As of November 26 last year, only between 2 and 6% of cases of enforced disappearances were prosecuted. Only 36 sentences have been issued in cases at the national level. The lack of investigations contributes to the notable absence of victims’ trust in the authorities and many unreported cases.

Another element to underscore is that the National Search Plan has not been implemented to conduct investigations despite institutional and legal advances.

https://news.un.org/es/story/2022/04/1507152

Mexico creates the National Centre for Human Identification; collectives and activists see it as a big step.

Specialists regret that the National Centre for Human Identification will not have the budget and necessary resources since the Centre will depend on the National Search Commission.

Specialists, human rights defenders, and people searching for their relatives agreed that creating the National Centre for Human Identification (CNIH) is an excellent step in the fight against the disappearance of people. However, they warned it was worrying that it was born without resources.

Santiago Corcuera, the specialist of the UN Committee on Enforced Disappearances, said that it is “excellent news given the enormous dimension of the forensic crisis in which the country is plunged” and celebrated the speed with which institutions responded to the recommendations of the report made by the United Nations Committee. “In Mexico, inadequate equipment, qualified personnel, and appropriate forensic identification facilities persist and call for improving genetic data management.”

Cecilia Flores from “Buscadoras de Sonora” hopes the creation of the Centre does not impede their work as collectives in search of their relatives.

José Reveles, a journalist who is specialized in disappearances, celebrated the creation of the CNIH, which, he said, “will be relevant, to the extent that it concentrates all the information that is dispersed, so that things improve in this humanitarian crisis, a country can’t have tens of thousands of people who have not been able to be identified.”

Finally, César Pérez, a human rights defender, stressed that “it is important to provide scientific criteria to this center that will try to pay a historical debt to relatives looking for their loved ones.”

By Miguel A. Rivera. Excelsior

https://www.excelsior.com.mx/nacional/celebran-creacion-de-centro-de-identificacion-colectivos-y-activistas-lo-ven-como-un-gran

Photo by Andre on Pexels.com

Women march in Mexico City to demand justice in the Debanhi case. “It wasn’t an accident; it was feminicide!”

On Sunday, April 24th, a march of women fighting for justice demanded the clarification of the feminicide of Nebanhi, an 18-year-old girl who disappeared near Monterrey and was found dead after 13 days. This case, like many more, has shocked the country. After more than two hours of marching, the women arrived at the capital’s “Zócalo” to demand that feminicides and disappearances in Mexico stop.

https://www.npr.org/2022/04/23/1094471684/mexico-debanhi-escobar-dead-disappearance